Chemicals are used for producing fibers and cloth. Certain chemicals can be found in clothes and other textile products such as dye, flame retardants and impregnating agents. Sometimes special chemicals are added to ensure that the clothes will not become creased or mildew during the long period of transport. In addition, a number of clothes and shoes contain bacteria-killing agent to combat bad odor.
Chromium, formaldehyde and latex are substances found in clothes which can give rise to an allergic reaction.
Shoes made of plastic or clothes with synthetic appliques may contain softening phthalates.
Azo dyes can be harmful to human health and they are banned in textiles and leather articles. Apart from a few exceptions, nonylphenoletoxylate is also banned for use in textile and leather processing within the EU as well as in Serbia. However, it could be found in textile products imported from countries outside the EU.
The Law on Chemicals has stipulated the consumer’s right to information about the contents of substances of very high concern in products, as well as the obligation for the producer and retailer to provide this information at the consumers’ request. For example, chromium (VI) compounds and phthalates, which can be found in textile and leather products, fall in this group of substances. Therefore, before the purchase, you may ask if the product contains substances of very high concern so that you can make a responsible choice before buying any article.
You should wash new clothes before you wear them for the first time!